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Cluster Management Excellence in Germany

(2013) - German clusters in comparison with European peers
Sophie Hantsch/ Helmut Kergel/ Thomas Lämmer-Gamp/ Gerd Meier zu Köcker/ Michael Nerger

Germany is the main precursor for cluster policy and cluster initiatives in Europe. One rationale behind Germany’s policy for supporting small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) is to increase productivity and innovation due to close cooperation with regionally concentrated partners along the value chain. Thus, cluster policy in Germany started in the mid-1990s resulting in a number of support programs both from the national and federal state level. The German cluster landscape since then is continually changing in order to face new challenges. Both recent leading cluster support programs on a national level consider cluster management excellence as one of the key success factors for the cluster approach. The goal of this country report is to give an overview of the structure, governance, key objectives, prevailing services, and cluster management issues of the leading clusters in Germany. The analysis is based on the results of benchmarking activities of the European Secretariat for Cluster Analysis (ESCA).

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