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Skills Needs Analysis for “Industry 4.0” based on Roadmaps for Smart Systems

(2013)
Ernst A. Hartmann/ Marc Bovenschulte

The advent of a fourth industrial revolution has been suggested, based on distributed Smart Systems, integrated in the Internet of Things. A methodology for skills needs analysis is suggested, containing the following steps. Firstly, roadmaps for Smart Systems are analyzed, taking up documents provided by the European Technology Platform for Smart Systems (EPoSS), and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). From these roadmaps, first generic skills demands can be derived, serving as hypotheses for further analysis. The next steps are organization scenarios and technology/sector matrices as tools for qualitative and quantitative skills needs analyses. Some of these steps have already been taken with respect to Industry 4.0, while others are suggested, providing examples from other contexts. The whole methodology is embedded in an approach encompassing (technological) foresight, skills needs analysis, and development of educational frameworks, all within the context of R&D program management.

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