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In recent decades, the conditions and general framework for companies of all sizes have changed. New production methods, technologies and forms of employment of labour gave rise to challenge, but also to significant opportunities for stakeholders from the industrial and service sector. Especially in the high-tech sector, the following principle increasingly applies: Technologically dominated SystemInnovations require networks. In particular, the realisation of quantum leap innovations in the field of pioneering advanced technologies requires new system architectures, not least for value creation. This relationship is mainly evident in cross-cutting fields such as energy, mobility, urban development and bioeconomy. Innovations in these areas, but also in many others, thus need to be considered SystemInnovations. The iit defines SystemInnovations as follows:

SystemInnovations are technologically-based innovations that can translate into economically viable and socially acceptable products or services, provided it is possible to integrate the necessary components and competencies into functioning system architectures. They transcend organisational and technical boundaries, are characterised by an effective cooperation between different stakeholders along the value creation processes, and enable business models that can be only be successful if they are accepted by the relevant players and stakeholders.

The iit supports analytical processes of SystemInnovations through its own research, studies, good practice examples and policy recommendations in the following areas:

SystemInnovations for future cities
Urban habitat and agglomeration areas require concepts that continuously pose new challenges with regard to the use of technological solutions, flexibility of the chosen strategy and social skills of the participants. For the city of the future, resource management, conservation and efficiency, mobility and logistics concepts, human-friendly building and traffic route planning, as well as new opportunities for socially acceptable communication options by means of appropriate ICT architectures will become increasingly important. SystemInnovations for future cities can form the basis for urbanisation scenarios that illustrate the use of innovations (more rooted in technology), taking into account social responsibility and the viability of business models. The preparation and dissemination of appropriate solution scenarios – as good practice examples for international players – is the focus here.

SystemInnovations for mobility solutions
Electric mobility has significant long-term (especially global) market potential and can simultaneously contribute to climate protection, as long as the power for operating electric vehicles stems from renewable energy sources. Systematically structured hardware solutions and system services are necessary for utilising the potential of electro-mobility. The iit participates in political, economic and technological solutions for mobility, with a focus on electric mobility, and studies essential SystemInnovations from both a national and international perspective.

SystemInnovations for climate/ (renewable) energy technologies
The main reasons for the transformation of the energy system are associated with negative impacts of the existing system. Political decisions on climate protection and changes in energy policy create different challenges that require innovative ideas and concepts. SystemInnovations for intelligent interconnectedness and control of various private applications (keyword: "smart home") and intelligent distribution networks ("smart grid") are becoming increasingly important. Additional requirements arise for the safety and security of electrical networks and data exchange. The topic of climate/ (renewable) energy technologies is concerned with the political, economic and technological issues of climate protection and the shift in energy policy. SystemInnovations that become relevant in this regard are considered both from a national and international perspective.

SystemInnovations for bio-based economy
The central aim of bioeconomy is to utilise biological resources (plants, animals, microorganisms) in the most efficient and protective way and to conserve biodiversity. Thus far, biomass is mainly used as a resource for sustainable energy production. Biomass can be used both for heat and power generation as well as for fuel production and can more readily be stored. Therefore, bioenergy is in fact the most flexible form of renewable energy. The topic of biomass is thus increasingly moving towards energy and material use. Bio-economic approaches can be considered SystemInnovations and have an effect on many sectors, from agriculture, forestry, fisheries, plant breeding, and the food industry to the pharmaceutical industry and energy production.

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