Digital Credentials in Education - The Situation in Germany and Europe in 2020

Robert Rentzsch

With each step of our individual educational biography, we collect certificates of achievement. At present, these are still issued almost exclusively on paper. Digital credentials, however, can be exchanged and verified for authenticity much faster and more securely, promising more efficient processes for education providers, learners, and employers alike. In addition, they open up entirely new, data-driven possibilities. This review describes the most important current projects on this topic in Germany and Europe, along with an assessment of the medium-term convergence of these efforts and the challenges involved.